|Image by Pharos of Wikipedia|
The wheelstop is meant to prevent cars from from backing into bike stations, but the lawsuit alleges "no cones or colored warnings to alert a bicyclist of its existence... constituted a trap for the unwary."
Regardless of the legal merits of the case, how does head trauma like this cause smell and taste loss?
The smell nerve is located right between the eyes and is analogous to the roots of a plant where the plant is the nerve next to the brain and the roots are the nerve endings that go through the skull bone (cribiform plate) and into the nose where "smell" is detected (the yellow in pic below). With significant head trauma, the brain suddenly moves and "bounces" around in the skull when struck. When this happens, the delicate smell nerve endings which are going through the bone "tear" when the brain moves relative to the bone.
BTW... Did you know that the tongue taste map we all learn in school is incorrect?
Conn. man files $15 million lawsuit against NYC, Citi Bike, claiming nerve damage from bike crash. Daily News 2/27/14