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April 03, 2015

Baby Born Without a Nose

You may have noticed in the news about a baby born without a nose in Alabama on 3/4/15. Very cute little baby named Eli.

As media noted, this condition known as congenital arhinia is extremely rare occurring about 1 in 197 million. In fact, there's only 40 known cases in the world currently.

When an infant is born unable to breath thru the nose, this is a life-threatening condition because newborns are not able to breath thru the mouth. They are known as obligate nasal breathers. Because newborns can't mouth-breath, steps need to be taken to help or force the baby to mouth-breath. In a temporary situation of nasal obstruction, a McGovern Nipple can be artificially created to force an infant to mouth-breath when unable to nose-breath.

But, if an infant is born without a nose, a temporary fix like a McGovern Nipple will not work long-term. A trach has to be performed as a more long-term solution until a new nose can be created for the infant.

That's why you see a trach in the picture of little baby Eli.

Source:
Baby with Extremely Rare Condition Born Without Nose. People 4/2/15


Fauquier blog
Fauquier ENT

Dr. Christopher Chang is a private practice otolaryngology, head & neck surgeon specializing in the treatment of problems related to the ear, nose, and throat. Located in Warrenton, VA about 45 minutes west of Washington DC, he also provides inhalant allergy testing/treatment, hearing tests, and dispenses hearing aids. Google+ Christopher Chang, MD Bio

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